While headaches are a common problem worldwide, 50% of people report a headache yearly. This means that nearly 1 in 4 U.S. households includes someone who suffers from migraine headaches. Healthcare and lost productivity costs associated with migraines are estimated to be as high as $36 billion annually in the U.S.
Migraine is a neurological disease with extremely incapacitating symptoms. Migraines are typically characterized by a severe throbbing recurring pain, usually on one side of the head. Attacks are often accompanied by one or more disabling symptoms: visual disturbances, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, extreme sensitivity to sound, light, touch, and smell, and tingling or numbness in the extremities or face. About 25% of migraine sufferers also have a visual disturbance called an aura, which usually lasts less than an hour. Migraine headaches typically last from 4-72 hours. It can be helpful to keep track of specific migraine triggers to avoid them in the future.